A systematic review and meta-analysis on absolute eosinophil counts and the risk of asthma in preschool children with wheezing: An EAACI Task Force Report

Aleksander Adamiec, Maja Cieślik, Katarzyna Mączka, Joanna Tarnoruda, Signe Jensen, Bo Chawes, Klaus Bønnelykke, Jon R Konradsen, Cilla Söderhäll, Heidi Makrinioti, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa, Dominika Ambrożej, Tuomas Jartti, Marek Ruszczyński, Wojciech Feleszko, EAACI Task Force on Preschool Wheeze

Abstract

Preschool children with wheezing disorders pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges and consume substantial healthcare resources. Peripheral eosinophil blood count (EBC) has been proposed as a potential indicator for future asthma development. This review by the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) Preschool Wheeze Task Force aimed to provide systematic evidence for the association between increased EBC and the risk of future asthma, as well as to identify potential cutoff values. In February 2023, a search of PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases was conducted to identify studies comparing EBCs in preschool children with wheezing who continued to wheeze later in life and those who did not. Included observational studies focused on children aged <6 years with a wheezing disorder, assessment of their EBCs, and subsequent asthma status. No language or publication date restrictions were applied. Among the initial 3394 studies screened, 10 were included in the final analysis, involving 1225 patients. The data from these studies demonstrated that high EBC in preschool children with wheezing is associated with future asthma development, with odds ratios of 1.90 (95% CI: 0.45-7.98, p = .38), 2.87 (95% CI: 1.38-5.95, p < .05), and 3.38 (95% CI: 1.72-6.64, p < .05) for cutoff values in the <300, 300-449, and ≥450 cells/μL ranges, respectively. Defining a specific cutoff point for an elevated EBC lacks consistency, but children with EBC >300 cells/μL are at increased risk of asthma. However, further research is needed due to the limitations of the included studies. Future investigations are necessary to fully elucidate the discussed association.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere14078
TidsskriftPediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Vol/bind35
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)e14078
ISSN0905-6157
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2024

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