A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Phase 2 Study of Gemcitabine and Capecitabine with or without T-ChOS as Adjuvant Therapy in Patients with Resected Pancreatic Cancer (CHIPAC)

Abstract

The antitumor activity of chitooligosaccharides has been suggested. This phase 2 trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of T-ChOS™, in addition to adjuvant chemotherapy, in patients after resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). In this single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial using patients ≥18 years of age after complete macroscopic resection for PDAC, patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to either a continuous oral T-ChOS group or a placebo group, in combination with gemcitabine (GEM) and oral capecitabine (CAP), for a maximum of six cycles. The primary endpoint was disease-free survival (DFS). Recruitment was stopped prematurely in July 2018, with 21 of planned 180 patients included, due to poor accrual and because modified FOLFIRINOX replaced GEM/CAP for the target population. Nine patients received T-ChOS and twelve received the placebo. The median DFS was 10.8 months (95% CI 5.9-15.7) for the T-ChOS arm and 8.4 months (95% CI 0-21.5) in the placebo arm. Overall, seven patients (78%) in the T-ChOS arm and eight patients (67%) in the placebo arm experienced at least one grade 3-4 treatment-related adverse event, most frequently neutropenia. Altogether, the addition of T-ChOS to chemotherapy in patients after resection of PDAC seems safe. However, the clinical benefit cannot be assessed due to the premature cessation of the trial.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer509
TidsskriftPharmaceutics
Vol/bind14
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)509
ISSN1999-4923
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 25 feb. 2022

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