A phase I monotherapy study of RG7212, a first-in-class monoclonal antibody targeting TWEAK signaling in patients with advanced cancers

Ulrik N Lassen, Didier Meulendijks, Lilian L Siu, Vaios Karanikas, Morten Mau-Sorensen, Jan H M Schellens, Derek J Jonker, Aaron R Hansen, Mary E Simcox, Kathleen J Schostack, Dean Bottino, Hua Zhong, Markus Roessler, Suzana M Vega-Harring, Tiantom Jarutat, David Geho, Ka Wang, Mark DeMario, Glenwood D Goss

    30 Citationer (Scopus)

    Abstract

    PURPOSE: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) and fibroblast growth factor-inducible molecule 14 (Fn14) are a ligand-receptor pair frequently overexpressed in solid tumors.

    TWEAK: Fn14 signaling regulates multiple oncogenic processes through MAPK, AKT, and NFκB pathway activation. A phase I study of RG7212, a humanized anti-TWEAK IgG1κ monoclonal antibody, was conducted in patients with advanced solid tumors expressing Fn14.

    EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Dose escalations, over a 200- to 7,200-mg range, were performed with patients enrolled in weekly (QW), bi-weekly (Q2W), or every-three-week (Q3W) schedules. Primary objectives included determination of dose and safety profile. Secondary endpoints included assessments related to inhibition of

    TWEAK: Fn14 signaling, tumor proliferation, tumor immune cell infiltration, and pharmacokinetics.

    RESULTS: In 192 treatment cycles administered to 54 patients, RG7212 was well-tolerated with no dose-limiting toxicities observed. More than 95% of related adverse events were limited to grade 1/2. Pharmacokinetics were dose proportional for all cohorts, with a t1/2 of 11 to 12 days. Pharmacodynamic changes included clearance of free and total TWEAK ligand and reductions in tumor Ki-67 and TRAF1. A patient with BRAF wild-type melanoma who received 36 weeks of RG7212 therapy had tumor regression and pharmacodynamic changes consistent with antitumor effects. Fifteen patients (28%) received 16 or more weeks of RG7212 treatment.

    CONCLUSION: RG7212 demonstrated excellent tolerability and favorable pharmacokinetics. Pharmacodynamic endpoints were consistent with reduced

    TWEAK: Fn14 signaling. Tumor regression was observed and prolonged stable disease was demonstrated in multiple heavily pretreated patients with solid tumors. These encouraging results support further study of RG7212. Clin Cancer Res; 21(2); 258-66. ©2014 AACR.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftClinical Cancer Research
    Vol/bind21
    Udgave nummer2
    Sider (fra-til)258-66
    Antal sider9
    ISSN1078-0432
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 15 jan. 2015

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