The Müller cells represent the predominant macroglial cell in the retina. In recent decades, Müller cells have been acknowledged to be far more influential on neuronal homeostasis in the retina than previously assumed. With its unique localization, spanning the entire retina being interposed between the vessels and neurons, Müller cells are responsible for the functional and metabolic support of the surrounding neurons. As a consequence of major energy demands in the retina, high levels of glucose are consumed and processed by Müller cells. The present review provides a perspective on the symbiotic relationship between Müller cells and inner retinal neurons on a cellular level by emphasizing the essential role of energy metabolism within Müller cells in relation to retinal neuron survival.
|Status||Udgivet - 2018|