A Concert-Based Study on Melodic Contour Identification among Varied Hearing Profiles-A Preliminary Report

Razvan Paisa*, Jesper Andersen, Francesco Ganis, Lone M Percy-Smith, Stefania Serafin

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

Background: This study investigated how different hearing profiles influenced melodic contour identification (MCI) in a real-world concert setting with a live band including drums, bass, and a lead instrument. We aimed to determine the impact of various auditory assistive technologies on music perception in an ecologically valid environment. Methods: The study involved 43 participants with varying hearing capabilities: normal hearing, bilateral hearing aids, bimodal hearing, single-sided cochlear implants, and bilateral cochlear implants. Participants were exposed to melodies played on a piano or accordion, with and without an electric bass as a masker, accompanied by a basic drum rhythm. Bayesian logistic mixed-effects models were utilized to analyze the data. Results: The introduction of an electric bass as a masker did not significantly affect MCI performance for any hearing group when melodies were played on the piano, contrary to its effect on accordion melodies and previous studies. Greater challenges were observed with accordion melodies, especially when accompanied by an electric bass. Conclusions: MCI performance among hearing aid users was comparable to other hearing-impaired profiles, challenging the hypothesis that they would outperform cochlear implant users. A cohort of short melodies inspired by Western music styles was developed for future contour identification tasks.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer3142
TidsskriftJournal of Clinical Medicine
Vol/bind13
Udgave nummer11
ISSN2077-0383
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 27 maj 2024

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