6-Thioguanine nucleotide accumulation in red blood cells during maintenance chemotherapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and its relation to leukopenia

K Schmiegelow, I Bruunshuus

Abstract

In the present study of 12 boys and 19 girls 2-16 years of age (median, 7 years) on oral 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) and methotrexate (MTX) maintenance therapy (MT) for non-B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), we found that (a) during MT, 6-thioguanine nucleotides (6TGN) (the major cytotoxic metabolite of 6MP) accumulate in the erythrocytes (E-6TGN); (b) for patients receiving an unchanged dose of 6MP, no significant correlation could be demonstrated between the mean E-6TGN (mE-6TGN) and the dose of 6MP (r = -0.11, P = 0.28) (31 patients); (c) among 21 patients receiving 50-75 mg/m2 6MP, a variation of up to 3 orders of magnitude in mE-6TGN could be demonstrated, with the interindividual coefficient of variation (CV) in mE-6TGN for these patients being 0.31; (d) the median intraindividual CV in E-6TGN at an unchanged dose of 6MP was 0.11 (range, 0.04-0.18); and (e) the degree of myelodepression as measured by the mean white cell count was related to mE-6TGN (r = -0.55, P = 0.0006). These results indicate that E-6TGN could be a useful parameter for monitoring 6MP maintenance chemotherapy, although this needs to be explored in prospective studies.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Vol/bind26
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)288-92
Antal sider5
ISSN0344-5704
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1990
Udgivet eksterntJa

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