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Bispebjerg Hospital - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
E-pub ahead of print

Variable oxygen administration in surgical and medical wards evaluated by 30-day mortality - an observational study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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BACKGROUND: Several studies in surgery and initial management of critical illness have indicated harmful effects of short-term exposure to hyperoxia. Exposure to and consequences of excessive oxygen administration in hospital wards are sparsely investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between excessive oxygen administration in patients admitted to surgical or medical wards and 30-day mortality.

METHODS: We included patients in the Capital Region of Denmark who were admitted to hospital in 2014 for either myocardial infarction, acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), hip fracture, or open abdominal surgery. We defined groups of inadequate, adequate or excessive oxygen administration based on peripheral oxygen saturation and oxygen administration values in the first 48 hours after admission. The primary outcome was mortality within 30 days, and data were analysed with multivariable logistic regression for age, sex and comorbidities.

RESULTS: We retrieved data from 11,196 patients, of which 81% had adequate, 18% had excessive, and 1.8% inadequate oxygen administration. Mortality at 30 days was 4.2%, 7.6%, and 27%, respectively, OR 1.46 (95%CI 1.16-1.84), p=0.001 for patients with excessive compared to adequate oxygen administration. The association was significant in subgroups of patients admitted for acute exacerbation of COPD (OR 1.67, 95%CI 1.19-2.34) and myocardial infarction (OR 3.50, 95%CI 1.55-7.89.

CONCLUSION: Patients who received excessive oxygen administration in surgical and medical wards during the first 48 hours of admission had a higher mortality risk within 30 days compared to patients with adequate oxygen administration. However, inadequate oxygen therapy still renders highest mortality and should be avoided.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
ISSN0001-5172
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Feb 2021

ID: 62463722