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The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on mental and physical health in Denmark - a longitudinal population-based study before and during the first wave

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Petersen, Marie Weinreich ; Dantoft, Thomas Meinertz ; Jensen, Jens Søndergaard ; Pedersen, Heidi Frølund ; Frostholm, Lisbeth ; Benros, Michael Eriksen ; Carstensen, Tina Birgitte Wisbech ; Ørnbøl, Eva ; Fink, Per. / The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on mental and physical health in Denmark - a longitudinal population-based study before and during the first wave. In: BMC PUBLIC HEALTH. 2021 ; Vol. 21, No. 1. pp. 1418.

Bibtex

@article{cb82cbf4bf8a4245ac46cafca5a6c207,
title = "The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on mental and physical health in Denmark - a longitudinal population-based study before and during the first wave",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: In the continuation of the first wave of the Covid-19 outbreak in Denmark, unprecedented restrictions with great impact on the citizen's everyday life were implemented. The objectives of this study were to investigate the influence of the Covid-19 pandemic on mental and physical health in the Danish population during the spring 2020 first wave outbreak and lockdown.METHODS: A sample from the adult Danish population (n = 2190) were included. Self-reported measures of illness worry (Whiteley-6-R), emotional distress (SCL-90), and physical symptom load (SLC-90) were obtained before and during the first wave of the pandemic and compared with Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Impact of covariates on physical and mental health was evaluated with ordinal regression analyses. Results from a tailored questionnaire regarding the Covid-19 pandemic were presented to explore the direct impact of the pandemic.RESULTS: We only found minor increases in illness worry, emotional distress and physical symptom load (0-1 points difference, p ≤ 0.007) during the Covid-19 pandemic compared to before the pandemic. Sex, age, education, and physical disease were not associated with illness worry, emotional distress, or physical symptom load. Overall, the participants were trustful in the authorities' recommendations and felt that they managed the pandemic and the restrictions to a great extent despite that some expected great/major future consequences of the pandemic.CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic only had minor impact on mental and physical health in the Danish general population. Future studies should address the impact of the second wave of the pandemic and the renewed implementation of the concomitant restrictions.",
keywords = "Adult, COVID-19, Communicable Disease Control, Denmark/epidemiology, Humans, Pandemics, SARS-CoV-2, Longitudinal cohort study, Covid-19, Emotional distress, Physical health, Mental health, Corona virus, Illness worry, Somatic symptoms, Health anxiety",
author = "Petersen, {Marie Weinreich} and Dantoft, {Thomas Meinertz} and Jensen, {Jens S{\o}ndergaard} and Pedersen, {Heidi Fr{\o}lund} and Lisbeth Frostholm and Benros, {Michael Eriksen} and Carstensen, {Tina Birgitte Wisbech} and Eva {\O}rnb{\o}l and Per Fink",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021. The Author(s).",
year = "2021",
month = jul,
day = "18",
doi = "10.1186/s12889-021-11472-7",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "1418",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on mental and physical health in Denmark - a longitudinal population-based study before and during the first wave

AU - Petersen, Marie Weinreich

AU - Dantoft, Thomas Meinertz

AU - Jensen, Jens Søndergaard

AU - Pedersen, Heidi Frølund

AU - Frostholm, Lisbeth

AU - Benros, Michael Eriksen

AU - Carstensen, Tina Birgitte Wisbech

AU - Ørnbøl, Eva

AU - Fink, Per

N1 - © 2021. The Author(s).

PY - 2021/7/18

Y1 - 2021/7/18

N2 - BACKGROUND: In the continuation of the first wave of the Covid-19 outbreak in Denmark, unprecedented restrictions with great impact on the citizen's everyday life were implemented. The objectives of this study were to investigate the influence of the Covid-19 pandemic on mental and physical health in the Danish population during the spring 2020 first wave outbreak and lockdown.METHODS: A sample from the adult Danish population (n = 2190) were included. Self-reported measures of illness worry (Whiteley-6-R), emotional distress (SCL-90), and physical symptom load (SLC-90) were obtained before and during the first wave of the pandemic and compared with Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Impact of covariates on physical and mental health was evaluated with ordinal regression analyses. Results from a tailored questionnaire regarding the Covid-19 pandemic were presented to explore the direct impact of the pandemic.RESULTS: We only found minor increases in illness worry, emotional distress and physical symptom load (0-1 points difference, p ≤ 0.007) during the Covid-19 pandemic compared to before the pandemic. Sex, age, education, and physical disease were not associated with illness worry, emotional distress, or physical symptom load. Overall, the participants were trustful in the authorities' recommendations and felt that they managed the pandemic and the restrictions to a great extent despite that some expected great/major future consequences of the pandemic.CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic only had minor impact on mental and physical health in the Danish general population. Future studies should address the impact of the second wave of the pandemic and the renewed implementation of the concomitant restrictions.

AB - BACKGROUND: In the continuation of the first wave of the Covid-19 outbreak in Denmark, unprecedented restrictions with great impact on the citizen's everyday life were implemented. The objectives of this study were to investigate the influence of the Covid-19 pandemic on mental and physical health in the Danish population during the spring 2020 first wave outbreak and lockdown.METHODS: A sample from the adult Danish population (n = 2190) were included. Self-reported measures of illness worry (Whiteley-6-R), emotional distress (SCL-90), and physical symptom load (SLC-90) were obtained before and during the first wave of the pandemic and compared with Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Impact of covariates on physical and mental health was evaluated with ordinal regression analyses. Results from a tailored questionnaire regarding the Covid-19 pandemic were presented to explore the direct impact of the pandemic.RESULTS: We only found minor increases in illness worry, emotional distress and physical symptom load (0-1 points difference, p ≤ 0.007) during the Covid-19 pandemic compared to before the pandemic. Sex, age, education, and physical disease were not associated with illness worry, emotional distress, or physical symptom load. Overall, the participants were trustful in the authorities' recommendations and felt that they managed the pandemic and the restrictions to a great extent despite that some expected great/major future consequences of the pandemic.CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic only had minor impact on mental and physical health in the Danish general population. Future studies should address the impact of the second wave of the pandemic and the renewed implementation of the concomitant restrictions.

KW - Adult

KW - COVID-19

KW - Communicable Disease Control

KW - Denmark/epidemiology

KW - Humans

KW - Pandemics

KW - SARS-CoV-2

KW - Longitudinal cohort study

KW - Covid-19

KW - Emotional distress

KW - Physical health

KW - Mental health

KW - Corona virus

KW - Illness worry

KW - Somatic symptoms

KW - Health anxiety

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85111802088&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s12889-021-11472-7

DO - 10.1186/s12889-021-11472-7

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34275461

VL - 21

SP - 1418

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

IS - 1

M1 - 1418

ER -

ID: 67570492