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Bispebjerg Hospital - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Prevention of depression in patients with acute coronary syndrome (DECARD) randomized trial: effects on and by self-reported health

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DOI

  1. Mortality attributable to alcohol and substance use disorders in people with schizophrenia.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Carsten Rygaard Hjorthøj
  • Baiba Hedegaard Hansen
  • Jamal Abed Hanash
  • Alice Rasmussen
  • Morten Birket-Smith
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AIM: Escitalopram may prevent depression following acute coronary syndrome. We sought to estimate the effects of escitalopram on self-reported health and to identify subgroups with higher efficacy.

METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a 12-month double-blind clinical trial randomizing non-depressed acute coronary syndrome patients to escitalopram (n = 120) or matching placebo (n = 120). The main outcomes were mean scores on Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) domains, and diagnosis of depression was adjusted for baseline SF-36 scores.

RESULTS: Escitalopram did not yield different SF-36 trajectories on any scale compared with placebo (P > 0.28). Efficacy of escitalopram may have been better among those scoring at least the normative score on general health perceptions (hazard ratio (HR) for depression 0.17 (95% confidence interval 0.02-1.42) ) or social functioning (HR = 0.12 (0.02-0.99) ) than in the full sample of patients (HR = 0.20 (0.04-0.90) ), although not statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS: The SF-36 may be too broad an outcome measure in trials or treatments that seek to prevent depression following acute coronary syndrome. The SF-36 may, however, indicate who is more likely to benefit from treatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEarly Intervention in Psychiatry
Volume9
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)370-7
Number of pages8
ISSN1751-7885
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

ID: 45824836