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Bispebjerg Hospital - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Preoperative risk factors including serum levels of potassium, sodium, and creatinine for early mortality after open abdominal surgery: a retrospective cohort study

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@article{69ef8b89637c4ac7ac3aebd4d5394a7d,
title = "Preoperative risk factors including serum levels of potassium, sodium, and creatinine for early mortality after open abdominal surgery: a retrospective cohort study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: In hospitalized patients, abnormal plasma electrolyte concentrations are frequent and have been linked to poor outcomes following acute surgery. The aim of this study was to assess whether preoperative plasma levels of potassium, sodium, and creatinine at the time of admission were associated with 30-day mortality in patients following open abdominal surgery.METHODS: This was a single-center register-based retrospective study. By means of electronic search in a maintained surgery database, all patients (n = 4177) aged ≥ 60 years old undergoing open surgery in our department from January 2000 to May 2013 were identified. Plasma was assessed within 30 days prior to surgery. The primary endpoint was 30-day postoperative mortality. The association between mortality and plasma levels of potassium, sodium, and creatinine were examined using Cox proportional hazard models.RESULTS: A total of 3690 patients were included in the study cohort. The rates of abnormal preoperative plasma levels were 36, 41, and 38% for potassium, sodium, and creatinine, respectively. The overall 30 day mortality was 20%. A predictive algorithm for 30 day mortality following abdominal surgery was constructed by means of logistic regression showing excellent distinction between patients with and without a fatal postoperative outcome.CONCLUSION: Apart from demographic factors (age, sex, and emergency surgery), preoperative imbalance in potassium, sodium and creatinine levels were significant independent predictors of early mortality following open abdominal surgery.",
keywords = "Algorithm, Creatinine, Electrolytes, Frailty, Mortality, Surgery",
author = "Mohamed Ebrahim and Larsen, {Pia B{\"u}kmann} and Damoun Hannani and Sara Liest and J{\o}rgensen, {Lars Nannestad} and J{\o}rgensen, {Henrik L{\o}vendahl}",
year = "2021",
month = jan,
day = "26",
doi = "10.1186/s12893-021-01070-0",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "62",
journal = "BMC Surgery",
issn = "1471-2482",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preoperative risk factors including serum levels of potassium, sodium, and creatinine for early mortality after open abdominal surgery

T2 - a retrospective cohort study

AU - Ebrahim, Mohamed

AU - Larsen, Pia Bükmann

AU - Hannani, Damoun

AU - Liest, Sara

AU - Jørgensen, Lars Nannestad

AU - Jørgensen, Henrik Løvendahl

PY - 2021/1/26

Y1 - 2021/1/26

N2 - BACKGROUND: In hospitalized patients, abnormal plasma electrolyte concentrations are frequent and have been linked to poor outcomes following acute surgery. The aim of this study was to assess whether preoperative plasma levels of potassium, sodium, and creatinine at the time of admission were associated with 30-day mortality in patients following open abdominal surgery.METHODS: This was a single-center register-based retrospective study. By means of electronic search in a maintained surgery database, all patients (n = 4177) aged ≥ 60 years old undergoing open surgery in our department from January 2000 to May 2013 were identified. Plasma was assessed within 30 days prior to surgery. The primary endpoint was 30-day postoperative mortality. The association between mortality and plasma levels of potassium, sodium, and creatinine were examined using Cox proportional hazard models.RESULTS: A total of 3690 patients were included in the study cohort. The rates of abnormal preoperative plasma levels were 36, 41, and 38% for potassium, sodium, and creatinine, respectively. The overall 30 day mortality was 20%. A predictive algorithm for 30 day mortality following abdominal surgery was constructed by means of logistic regression showing excellent distinction between patients with and without a fatal postoperative outcome.CONCLUSION: Apart from demographic factors (age, sex, and emergency surgery), preoperative imbalance in potassium, sodium and creatinine levels were significant independent predictors of early mortality following open abdominal surgery.

AB - BACKGROUND: In hospitalized patients, abnormal plasma electrolyte concentrations are frequent and have been linked to poor outcomes following acute surgery. The aim of this study was to assess whether preoperative plasma levels of potassium, sodium, and creatinine at the time of admission were associated with 30-day mortality in patients following open abdominal surgery.METHODS: This was a single-center register-based retrospective study. By means of electronic search in a maintained surgery database, all patients (n = 4177) aged ≥ 60 years old undergoing open surgery in our department from January 2000 to May 2013 were identified. Plasma was assessed within 30 days prior to surgery. The primary endpoint was 30-day postoperative mortality. The association between mortality and plasma levels of potassium, sodium, and creatinine were examined using Cox proportional hazard models.RESULTS: A total of 3690 patients were included in the study cohort. The rates of abnormal preoperative plasma levels were 36, 41, and 38% for potassium, sodium, and creatinine, respectively. The overall 30 day mortality was 20%. A predictive algorithm for 30 day mortality following abdominal surgery was constructed by means of logistic regression showing excellent distinction between patients with and without a fatal postoperative outcome.CONCLUSION: Apart from demographic factors (age, sex, and emergency surgery), preoperative imbalance in potassium, sodium and creatinine levels were significant independent predictors of early mortality following open abdominal surgery.

KW - Algorithm

KW - Creatinine

KW - Electrolytes

KW - Frailty

KW - Mortality

KW - Surgery

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85099923097&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s12893-021-01070-0

DO - 10.1186/s12893-021-01070-0

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33499844

VL - 21

SP - 62

JO - BMC Surgery

JF - BMC Surgery

SN - 1471-2482

IS - 1

M1 - 62

ER -

ID: 61911205