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Bispebjerg Hospital - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Plantar fasciitis treated with endoscopic partial plantar fasciotomy-One-year clinical and ultrasonographic follow-up

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BACKGROUND: Endoscopic operations for plantar fasciitis generally have good clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to record the effect of endoscopic partial fasciotomy and heel spur removal and evaluate by ultrasonography whether the fascia regenerates and the heel spur reforms.

METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients were evaluated before and 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery. Operations were performed endoscopically using a deep fascial approach with a medial and a lateral portal. Bony spurs were removed and the medial half of the plantar fascia was transected. All patients followed a standardized rehabilitation program.

RESULTS: Median Foot Function Index values decreased from 119 pre-surgery to 69 and 12 (p=0.004), at 3 months and 1year post-operatively respectively. Median VAS-score for first step pain was likewise reduced from median 71mm to 29mm and 7mm (p=0.004), respectively. Median fascial thickness at the medial insertion was 6.0mm (range 4.6-6.8mm) pre-operatively. A heel spur was present in 9 cases. One year postoperatively a well-defined fascia in the area of resection was demonstrated in 8 cases. In the rest of the cases scar tissue made it impossible to clearly outline the fascia. Nine of the feet showed good medial fascial tensioning. There was no evidence of recurrence of the bony spur.

CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic partial plantar fascia resection reduced pain symptoms and increased function significantly 3 months after operation, with additional effect achieved 12 months after surgery. Based on ultrasonography the resected fascia regenerated/healed, and a calcaneal spur did not recur.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFoot (Edinburgh, Scotland)
Volume39
Pages (from-to)50-54
Number of pages5
ISSN0958-2592
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

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