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Bispebjerg Hospital - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Incidence and time trends of joint surgery in patients with psoriatic arthritis: a register-based time series and cohort study from Denmark

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate time-trends and cumulative incidence of joint surgery among patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) compared with the general population.

METHODS: In this nationwide register-based cohort study, The Danish National Patient Registry was used to identify incident PsA patients. The 5-year incidence rates (IR) and incidence rate ratios (IRR) of joint surgery were calculated in four calendar-period defined cohorts. Each patient was matched with ten non-PsA individuals from the general population cohort (GPC). The cumulative incidences of any joint and joint-sacrificing surgery, respectively, were estimated using the Aalen-Johansen method.

RESULTS: From 1996 to 2017, 11 960 PsA patients (mean age 50 years; 57% female) were registered. The IRR of any joint surgery was twice as high for PsA patients compared with GPCs across all calendar periods. Among patients with PsA, 2, 10 and 29% required joint surgery at 5, 10 and 15 years after diagnosis. The risk of surgery in PsA patients diagnosed at 18-40 years was higher (22%) than in GPC 60+ year old (20%) after 15 years of follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: The use of joint surgery among PsA patients remained around twofold higher from 1996 to 2012 compared with GPC. After 15 years of follow-up, nearly 30% of the PsA patients had received any surgery, and even a person diagnosed with PsA at the age of 18-40 years had a higher risk of surgery than GPCs of 60+ year old. Thus, the high surgical rates represent an unmet need in the current treatment of PsA.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Volume78
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)1517-1523
Number of pages7
ISSN0003-4967
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

ID: 58297594