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Bispebjerg Hospital - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital

Coping strategies in adolescence and labour-market participation in young adulthood: A prospective birth cohort study

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  • Lea Billeskov
  • Merete Labriola
  • Cecilie L Stabell
  • Mathilde H Dieckmann
  • Nanna H Jensen
  • Trine N Winding
  • Johan H Andersen
  • Louise Lindholdt
  • Claus D Hansen
  • Thomas Lund
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Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate whether coping strategies in adolescence (14-15 years of age) were associated with labour-market participation (LMP) in young adulthood (25-26 years of age) and whether the association differed by sex. Methods: A birth cohort from the former county of Ringkjoebing, Denmark, consisting of 2826 individuals, comprised the study population. In 2004, the study population completed a questionnaire from which information about coping and covariates were gathered. Coping strategies were measured using five sub-scales of the Brief COPE Scale, which were combined into two overall coping strategies: active coping and avoidant coping. Ten years later, the participants were followed for a 52-week period in a register on social benefits. Logistic regression was applied to data, with adjustment for covariates: sex, parents' socio-economic status (education and income) and self-rated health. Results: A total of 2203 (78%) participants were categorised as high LMP at follow-up. No significant associations were found between active coping in adolescence and LMP in 2014/2015. For avoidant coping, in the fully adjusted model, medium-level avoidant coping was associated with higher odds (odds ratio (OR)=1.02 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.83-1.25) of high LMP. For low avoidant coping, the OR was 1.37 (95% 1.07-1.75). For both coping strategies, sex did not modify the association. Conclusions: Findings showed that avoidant coping was significantly associated with high LMP. Further research is needed to investigate coping in relation to specific problem areas.

Original languageEnglish
Book seriesScandinavian Journal of Public Health. Supplement
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)537-543
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

    Research areas

  • Adaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Adult, Denmark, Employment/statistics & numerical data, Female, Humans, Male, Prospective Studies, Young Adult

ID: 58862921