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Bispebjerg Hospital - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Cancer stage, comorbidity, and socioeconomic differences in the effect of cancer on labour market participation: a danish register-based follow-up study

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  1. Disability pension among persons with chronic illness: Differential impact of a Danish policy reform

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  2. Inequalities in extending working lives beyond age 60 in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and England-By gender, level of education and health

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  3. Too sick to work, too healthy to qualify: a cross-country analysis of the effect of changes to disability benefits

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  • Karsten Thielen
  • Christophe Kolodziejczyk
  • Ingelise Andersen
  • Eskil Heinesen
  • Finn Diderichsen
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PURPOSE:
Socioeconomic inequality in return to work after cancer treatment and rehabilitation have been documented, but less is known about its causes. This paper investigates the role played by breast cancer stage at diagnosis and comorbidity.
METHODS:
We used the comprehensive Danish Cancer Registry to follow 7372 women aged 30-60, who were in the labour force when diagnosed with breast cancer in 2000-06 and survived at least three years. Controls were 213,276 women without breast cancer. Inequalities in employment outlook were estimated as interaction effects in linear regression between educational attainment and disease on employment.
RESULTS:
There is significant interaction between education and breast cancer, but it is only marginally affected by including stage and comorbidity in the regression models. Education, breast cancer stage, and comorbidity all have strong effects on later employment, and a considerable amount of the educational effect is mediated by comorbidity and pre-cancer labour market participation and income.
CONCLUSION:
The result of the study is negative in the sense that the stronger effect of breast cancer on employment among low-educated compared to highly educated individuals is not explained by cancer stage or comorbidity. The fact that comorbidity has little impact on inequality may be due to a different social patterning of most comorbidity compared to breast cancer
Translated title of the contributionKræftstadie, komorbiditet og socioøkonomiske forskelle i effekten af kræft på deltagelse på arbejdsmarkedet: et dansk registerbaseret opfølgningsstudie
Original languageEnglish
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)e0128621
ISSN1932-6203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

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