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Bispebjerg Hospital - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital

STAT3/5-Dependent IL9 Overexpression Contributes to Neoplastic Cell Survival in Mycosis Fungoides

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PURPOSE: Sustained inflammation is a key feature of mycosis fungoides (MF), the most common form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Resident IL9-producing T cells have been found in skin infections and certain inflammatory skin diseases, but their role in MF is currently unknown.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We analyzed lesional skin from patients with MF for the expression of IL9 and its regulators. To determine which cells were producing IL9, high-throughput sequencing was used to identify malignant clones and Vb-specific antibodies were employed to visualize malignant cells in histologic preparations. To explore the mechanism of IL9 secretion, we knocked down STAT3/5 and IRF4 by siRNA transfection in CTCL cell lines receiving psoralen+UVA (PUVA) ± anti-IL9 antibody. To further examine the role of IL9 in tumor development, the EL-4 T-cell lymphoma model was used in C57BL/6 mice.

RESULTS: Malignant and reactive T cells produce IL9 in lesional skin. Expression of the Th9 transcription factor IRF4 in malignant cells was heterogeneous, whereas reactive T cells expressed it uniformly. PUVA or UVB phototherapy diminished the frequencies of IL9- and IL9r-positive cells, as well as STAT3/5a and IRF4 expression in lesional skin. IL9 production was regulated by STAT3/5 and silencing of STAT5 or blockade of IL9 with neutralizing antibodies potentiated cell death after PUVA treatment in vitro IL9-depleted mice exhibited a reduction of tumor growth, higher frequencies of regulatory T cells, and activated CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that IL9 and its regulators are promising new targets for therapy development in mycosis fungoides. Clin Cancer Res; 22(13); 3328-39. ©2016 AACR.

TidsskriftClinical Cancer Research
Udgave nummer13
Sider (fra-til)3328-39
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - 1 jul. 2016

ID: 49767256