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Bispebjerg Hospital - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital

Spatiotemporal expression pattern of PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2 in the mouse SCN is dependent on VIP receptor 2 signaling

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Vis graf over relationer

Neurons of the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) express clock genes, which regulate their own transcription and generate daily output signals driving circadian rhythmic behavior and physiology. The neuropeptide VIP and its specific receptor, the VPAC2 receptor, are important for synchronization of clock neurons. In the present study, we characterized PER1 and PER2 expressing neurons in wild-type and VPAC2-deficient mice. We found evidence for distinct spatiotemporal circadian oscillation in the expression of the PER genes in two separate clusters of SCN neurons. In wild-type mice corresponding to the SCN shell and ventral core, high expression of PER was found at lights-off most likely representing an evening clock (E-clock). In another smaller cluster of neurons located in the central core of the SCN, PER expression peaks in antiphase at lights-on and could represent a morning clock (M-clock). BMAL1 immunoreactivity was found to be expressed in antiphase to PER in M and E neurons, respectively. PER was found in 98% of neurons expressing vasopressin (AVP) and in 92% of VIP neurons. The chemotype of M neurons was not identified. M but not E cells were responsive to long but not short photoperiods. The expression of the VPAC2 receptor was found in both M and E cells, and VPAC2-deficient mice displayed markedly blunted PER expression in both cell clusters of the SCN. Conclusion: These observations support the existence of M and E clocks involved in circadian and seasonal adaptation, which seem dependent on intact VIP/VPAC2 signaling in the SCN.

TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)3115-3132
Antal sider18
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2019

Bibliografisk note

© 2019 Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

ID: 59352378