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Health Care Use by Patients with Somatoform Disorders A Register-Based Follow-Up Study*

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Andersen, Nadia Lyhne Trærup ; Eplov, Lene Falgaard ; Andersen, Jon Trærup ; Hjorthøj, Carsten Rygaard ; Birket-Smith, Morten. / Health Care Use by Patients with Somatoform Disorders A Register-Based Follow-Up Study*. I: Psychosomatics. 2013 ; s. 132-41.

Bibtex

@article{22aee2f8c48743a99beeec2be84b2707,
title = "Health Care Use by Patients with Somatoform Disorders A Register-Based Follow-Up Study*",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown a greater use of medical than mental health services in patients with somatoform disorders. However, not many studies are based on structured interviews and include the entire somatoform spectrum of diagnoses. We conducted a register-based case-control study to investigate medical care use prior to and three years after diagnosis in patients with somatoform disorders. METHODS: We included 380 patients with somatoform diagnoses (SCID-NP for DSM-IIIR) in a case-control study and compared them with 174 patients with anxiety disorders and 5540 controls from the background population. Data from the Danish National Registers were used to assess health care use in both primary and secondary care. RESULTS: Somatoform patients incurred 2.11 (2.09-2.12) times the primary care visits of controls. They had 3.12 (3.08-3.16) times as many somatic bed-days than controls and 3.94 (3.91-3.97) as many psychiatric bed-days. Primary care use remained stable 3 years after diagnosis (p = 0.14) and the award of disability pension (p = 0.82). However, the number of somatic admissions decreased from 5.64 to 2.76 (p = 0.0004) 3 years after diagnosis. Somatization had an independent effect on health care use when controlling for psychiatric comorbidity. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with somatoform disorders make significantly greater use of health care services than do controls and patients with anxiety. Somatoform patients made more use of psychiatric services than expected. The use of somatic health care was independent of psychiatric comorbidity. Primary care use and disability pension award were not influenced by proper diagnosing of somatoform disorders whereas number of somatic admissions were halved.",
author = "Andersen, {Nadia Lyhne Tr{\ae}rup} and Eplov, {Lene Falgaard} and Andersen, {Jon Tr{\ae}rup} and Hjorth{\o}j, {Carsten Rygaard} and Morten Birket-Smith",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2012 The Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.psym.2012.07.007",
language = "English",
pages = "132--41",
journal = "Psychosomatics",
issn = "0033-3182",
publisher = "American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Health Care Use by Patients with Somatoform Disorders A Register-Based Follow-Up Study*

AU - Andersen, Nadia Lyhne Trærup

AU - Eplov, Lene Falgaard

AU - Andersen, Jon Trærup

AU - Hjorthøj, Carsten Rygaard

AU - Birket-Smith, Morten

N1 - Copyright © 2012 The Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown a greater use of medical than mental health services in patients with somatoform disorders. However, not many studies are based on structured interviews and include the entire somatoform spectrum of diagnoses. We conducted a register-based case-control study to investigate medical care use prior to and three years after diagnosis in patients with somatoform disorders. METHODS: We included 380 patients with somatoform diagnoses (SCID-NP for DSM-IIIR) in a case-control study and compared them with 174 patients with anxiety disorders and 5540 controls from the background population. Data from the Danish National Registers were used to assess health care use in both primary and secondary care. RESULTS: Somatoform patients incurred 2.11 (2.09-2.12) times the primary care visits of controls. They had 3.12 (3.08-3.16) times as many somatic bed-days than controls and 3.94 (3.91-3.97) as many psychiatric bed-days. Primary care use remained stable 3 years after diagnosis (p = 0.14) and the award of disability pension (p = 0.82). However, the number of somatic admissions decreased from 5.64 to 2.76 (p = 0.0004) 3 years after diagnosis. Somatization had an independent effect on health care use when controlling for psychiatric comorbidity. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with somatoform disorders make significantly greater use of health care services than do controls and patients with anxiety. Somatoform patients made more use of psychiatric services than expected. The use of somatic health care was independent of psychiatric comorbidity. Primary care use and disability pension award were not influenced by proper diagnosing of somatoform disorders whereas number of somatic admissions were halved.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown a greater use of medical than mental health services in patients with somatoform disorders. However, not many studies are based on structured interviews and include the entire somatoform spectrum of diagnoses. We conducted a register-based case-control study to investigate medical care use prior to and three years after diagnosis in patients with somatoform disorders. METHODS: We included 380 patients with somatoform diagnoses (SCID-NP for DSM-IIIR) in a case-control study and compared them with 174 patients with anxiety disorders and 5540 controls from the background population. Data from the Danish National Registers were used to assess health care use in both primary and secondary care. RESULTS: Somatoform patients incurred 2.11 (2.09-2.12) times the primary care visits of controls. They had 3.12 (3.08-3.16) times as many somatic bed-days than controls and 3.94 (3.91-3.97) as many psychiatric bed-days. Primary care use remained stable 3 years after diagnosis (p = 0.14) and the award of disability pension (p = 0.82). However, the number of somatic admissions decreased from 5.64 to 2.76 (p = 0.0004) 3 years after diagnosis. Somatization had an independent effect on health care use when controlling for psychiatric comorbidity. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with somatoform disorders make significantly greater use of health care services than do controls and patients with anxiety. Somatoform patients made more use of psychiatric services than expected. The use of somatic health care was independent of psychiatric comorbidity. Primary care use and disability pension award were not influenced by proper diagnosing of somatoform disorders whereas number of somatic admissions were halved.

U2 - 10.1016/j.psym.2012.07.007

DO - 10.1016/j.psym.2012.07.007

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23218064

SP - 132

EP - 141

JO - Psychosomatics

JF - Psychosomatics

SN - 0033-3182

ER -

ID: 36780334